Engineering and Mechanics

DVX3 Profesional

The automotive industry is a set of companies and organisations involved in the areas of design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and sale of automobiles. It is one of the most important economic sectors in the world by revenue. The automotive industry does not include companies dedicated to the maintenance of cars that have already been delivered to a customer, such as garages and gas stations.

The term automobile is derived from the Greek auto (for itself), and latin motor (engine) to represent any motor vehicle. The automotive industry began in the 1890's.

For many decades the United States contributed to the world a great production of automobiles. In 1929, before the great depression, in the world there were 32.028.500 cars, which the American automotive industry produced around 90 per cent. At that time, in the United States, the relation was of a car for every five people 1:4,87. After the second world war, United States. USA manufactured around 75% of the world production of cars.

In 1980 the United States were overcomed by Japan, who later became the leader of world production until 1994. In the year 2006 Japan reached back to the United States in production and held this position until 2009, when China took the first manufacturing 13.8 million units a year.

In 2007, they were about 806 million cars and trucks, consuming around 980 billion litres of petrol / diesel per year. The car is the primary means of transportation in many developed economies. Boston Consulting Group predicted that in the year 2014, a third of world demand will be in the four BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) markets. Meanwhile, in countries not developed, the automotive industry has not been established as planned.

On the other hand, is expected to continue, especially in the generations younger, in highly urbanized countries, such as the countries of the European environment, new generations no longer want to be owners of a car; preferring alternative modes of transportation.

On the other hand, other potential auto markets are Iran and Indonesia. These new car markets, in which the car industry is focusing all its efforts, buy vehicles with a prestablished sale and already preset in the market, and so the car industries make the sales.

According to a study by J.D. Power, emerging markets account the 51 percent of global vehicle sales, the study also expected this trend to be accelerated. However, more recent reports, confirmed otherwise to know, that the automotive industry was declining, even in the BRIC countries.

In the United States, sales of vehicles reached its peak in 2000, with 17.8 million units sold. Nowadays, sales in Europe of the brands detailed now have reached more than two millions of vehicles.

1. Toyota Motor Corporation
LexusDivisionOverall, except for Mexico and South America, with the exception of Peru, Chile, Brazil, Bolivia, Costa Rica and Panama
ToyotaDivisionGlobal
2. Volkswagen Group (Volkswagen AG)
AudiSubsidiarianGlobal
SEATSubsidiarianEurope, Latin America, China
ŠkodaSubsidiarianOverall, except North America
VolkswagenSubsidiarianGlobal
3. Hyundai Motor Company
HyundaiDivisionGlobal
KiaSubsidiarianGlobal
4. Ford Motor Company
FordDivisionGlobal**
5. Nissan Motors
NissanDivisionGlobal
6. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Alfa RomeoSubsidiarianGlobal
FiatSubsidiarianGlobal
IvecoSubsidiarianOverall, except North America
LanciaSubsidiarianGlobal
7. Suzuki Motor Corporation
SuzukiDivisionGlobal
8. Grupo PSA
CitroënSubsidiarianOverall, except North America
PeugeotSubsidiarianOverall, except for United States and Canada
OpelSubsidiarianContinental Europe, South Africa and Asia with the exception of Japan, Chile
VauxhallSubsidiarianUnited Kingdom.
9. Renault
DaciaSubsidiarianEurope, Latin America, Asia, Africa
RenaultDivisionOverall, except for United States and Canada